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TEPATITLÁN

“His treasure is in his people,” and it is up to us to preserve it. […]

Red Land, towers and domes, agave landscapes, sounds of bells and rural quietness is what awaits the traveler who enters La Perla de Los Altos.

Tepatitlán (Tecpatitlán) comes from the Nahuatl language, and two different meanings are attributed to it “Place of Hard Stone” or according to other research “Place of the Sacred Knife”.

Su tesoro está en su gente…

Tepatitlán de Morelos

LAST NAMES OF THE HIGHLANDS OF JALISCO

Casillas, Navarro, Franco, Barba, González, Gutiérrez, Padilla, Martín were a few of the 117 families that arrived to the highlands of Jalisco in the middle of the 16th century. 

These family names are still very much preserved in the region since endogamy was very present during that time and that is why the rooms of Grand Casa Naranjos were named this way.

CRISTERO WAR

Long live Christ the King and Saint Mary of Guadalupe! This was the battle cry of those who took up arms from 1926 to 1929 in this area. There wasn’t a family in El Alto that didn’t have a member of their family fighting for the cause and militating with the rebels.

In Tepatitlán, the Cristero leader “Güero” Mónico Velázquez laid siege to the city, defended by Quirino Navarro, but the rebels ran out of park and had to leave the square.

A great figure of the Cristero War was from Tepatitlán: Anacleto González Flores. Today we find streets named after him. He was the ideologue of the struggle for religious freedom, and peaceful. As Mahatma Gandhi, of whom he was an admirer, he never took up arms and preached passive resistance until paying with his life.

On the streets of Tepatitlan the cruelest combat of the whole war took place, and Father Vega destroyed a body of the army of the General Saturnino Cedillo, also in charge of the General Pablo Rodriguez, who left more than 3,000 corpses of soldiers and agrarianists lying on the streets, and as they were deceived by the promise of giving them lands in Los Altos, the rebels threw fists of earth on their faces and said to them -Wine for land? Take it!

Here in Tepatitlán, the true armistice was signed in the Plaza de Armas that put an end to the hostilities, although not to the murders of the already amnestied Cristeros. More people died after the ceasefire than in all the combats together.

(Part of the information taken from: https://www.tepatitlan.gob.mx/historia/ )

ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

We are the first municipality in the country that produces animal protein, with more than 20 million birds in lay, with 15 million eggs per day, and which generate 6,000 direct jobs; 7 million chickens per year for the plate; 65,000 heads of dairy cattle; 75,000 heads of beef cattle; 200,000 pig bellies that produce more than 2.5 million pigs per year.

Primary: (35%) Poultry, Agriculture, (Agave, Corn, Sorghum, Induced Pastures) Dairy and Meat Cattle, Swine, Ovine.

Secondary: Food industry (dairy, meat, eggs), quilts and comforters industry, manufacturing of poultry and agricultural implements, metal-mechanical industry, distillation of tequila, agave honey, inulin.

Tertiary: Commerce and services: (hotels, transportation, gastronomy)

GASTRONOMY

The carnitas: This recipe was passed on from parents to children, and the good carnitas of today are still fried as in times past. Tasting them with refried beans, salsa with a recipe that is also their own, and guacamole, makes your mouth water….

Baked chamorros are another highly appreciated specialty, as well as the “birria dorada” offered at the Mercado Centenario, which are delicacies for delicate palates, as are the cheeses of diverse varieties that are made here.

Capirotada: A very typical dish of the Alteña’s gastronomy and of the times of Lent, whose recipe has been practiced and preserved by generations. Composed with bread, honey based on piloncillo and cinnamon, peanuts, raisins, cheese, tortilla…